Industrial Augmented Reality

Applications are invited for a PhD fellowship/scholarship at Graduate School of Science and Technology, Aarhus University, Denmark, within the Computer Science programme. The position is available from 1 May 2018 or later.

Industrial Augmented Reality

Research area and project description:
As part of the research projects MADE and MADE Digital ( funded by the Innovation Fund Denmark, Aarhus University is leading a Work Package that involves Industrial Augmented Reality research. Watch the video (in Danish) to see how Augmented Reality plays a central role in the Industry 4.0 vision. The PhD projects should address the following scope and challenges:

Production and product installation involves complex manual routines, and there is increased need for manual work in individualized products e.g. wind turbines. Production equipment and physical products are often complex to set up and handle. Many errors occur in manual procedures and it is a challenge to bring a shifting workforce up to date with procedures. Development of Augmented Reality based assistance tools to provide real-time instructions will help to radically reduce setup time and production errors, and make training of the workforce much more efficient.

The Augmented Reality research activities aim at:

  • increasing both performance, speed, and quality of human processes in production, commissioning and service by developing digital assistance tools for the workforce
  • assisting the workforce with Augmented Reality (AR) in-situ via wearables (e.g. HoloLens see-through glasses), mobile display overlays, (e.g. tablets and smartphones), and projection mapping with no need for glasses (e.g. laser or traditional projectors)
  • providing proper 3D tracking for AR, and 3D interaction for both AR and VR to make the assistance feasible in a manufacturing context.
  • supporting Collaborative Robotics with AR assistance for the humans working with robots.
  • coupling real-time data from a production line or a connected products in operational environment to specific areas of the production line or product in the operational environment.
  • integrating Virtual Reality (e.g. via Occolus Rift/Samsung Gear) to pre-train workforce in selected complex procedures before going into operation, e.g. in a wind mill park.

The PhD students will work in close collaboration with a number of Danish companies wishing to extend their existing production lines and products with AR based digital assistance tools. There are a number of different enabling technologies that will be researched and the goal is to develop tools that can support efficient development and delivery of AR product and production guidance, instruction content, as well as real time data feeds e.g. during service and operation monitoring.

Qualifications and specific competences:
Applicants to the PhD position must have a relevant Master’s degree and experience with computer graphics, computer vision, Augmented Reality or Virtual Reality will be an advantage.

Place of Employment and Place of Work:
The place of employment is Aarhus University, and the place of work is Department of Computer Science, Åbogade 34, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark. 

Applicants seeking further information are invited to contact:

Kaj Grønbæk, Professor, PhD,
Department of Computer Science, University of Aarhus,
Aabogade 34, DK-8200 Aarhus N, Denmark.
Office: Hopper-124
E-mail: | Skype: kgronbak
Cell phone: (+45) 2149 5634

Application procedures

Before you apply

Information and attachments:

Please be aware that you must have all relevant appendices, attachments, addresses for referees, etc. ready when you apply, as the entire application must be uploaded to the system in one go.

Documentation of language skills:
The English language requirement at Graduates School of Science and Technology is comparable to an “English B level” in the Danish upper secondary school (“gymnasium”).

English language qualifications comparable to an “English B level” is documented by one of the following tests:

  • TOEFL test, minimum score: 560 (paper-based test) or 83 (internet-based test). The paper-based test must have a “total score”. From August call 2019, GSST no longer accepts the paper-based test.
    Aarhus University does not accept the TOEFL ITP test. Aarhus University’s TOEFL code is 8935. You must request that the test centre send your test results to Aarhus University, in order to enable verification of your test results.
  • IELTS (academic) test, minimum average score: 6.5 points
  • Cambridge English Language Assessment:
    Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency (CPE)
    Cambridge English: Certificate of Advanced English with grade A,B or C (CAE)
    Cambridge English: First Certificate  with grade A (FCE)

When to take the test and how to upload the documentation:
The test result must not be more than two years old at the time of application.

The English language test should be taken before applying for admission and uploaded under “language skills documentation” in the online application form.

It is possible to apply for admission before you have taken the test. In this case documentation stating that you have signed up for a test (please state expected submission date) must be uploaded. If the test result is not part of the original application the test result is to be sent to no later than one month after the application deadline.

The following applicants are exempted from documenting their English qualifications/taking a test:

  • Applicants with citizenship from the following countries: Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, United Kingdom, United States, or one of the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway or Sweden).
  • Applicants with a Bachelor’s or Master’s programme completed in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, United Kingdom, or United States. In this case, please upload your Bachelor’s or Master’s diploma under the section ”Language skills documentation”.
  • Applicants with a Bachelor’s or Master’s programme completed at Aarhus University for which the requirement was English B level at the time of admission. In this case, please upload your Bachelor’s or Master’s diploma under the section”Language skills documentation”.
  • Applicants able to document that English was the language of instruction during the whole period of their Bachelor’s and/or Master’s programme. This must be documented by uploading an official document from the institution stating this under “language skills documentation”. The onus is on the applicant to provide this information as GSST will not pursue information regarding language of instruction for any programmes or institutions.


The programme committee may request further information or invite the applicant to attend an interview.

How to apply:

1)      Find the application form:
Go to
Choose February 2018 Call with deadline 1 February 2018 at 11.59 PM MET.
You will be directed to the call, and must choose the programme 'Computer Science'

2)      Fill in the following information:

  • Personal information
  • Academic background
  • Admission
  • Financing (if any)
  • Study: In the dropdown menu you must choose the project: "Industrial Augmented Reality"
  • Source (how you found out about the call)

Next to some of the information fields you will find a number. Click on the number to get further directions on how to fill in the information field/what information is needed.

3)      Application attachments:
Please be aware that you cannot submit the application if one or several of these documents have not been uploaded.

If you wish to upload more than one document under each section, you must scan/merge all documents into one large PDF file and upload this. Please note that we reserve the right to remove scientific papers, large reports, theses and the like. Instead you can indicate a URL where the information is available.

Please note that all information in the application must be in Danish or English.

As a minimum all applications must include (pdf-files only, max. 20 MB, no zip):

  • One reference (template for references)
  • Curriculum vitae,
  • Motivation (max. 1 page)
  • Transcripts and diploma(s)
  • Project description (½-4 pages). For technical reasons, you must upload a project description. When - as here - you apply for a specific project, please simply copy the project description above, and upload it as a PDF in the application. If you wish to, you can indicate an URL where further information can be found.  Please note that we reserve the right to remove scientific papers, large reports, theses and the like.
  • Documentation of language skills if required.

After submission of the application you will receive a confirmation e-mail with an application ID, you should use for reference if needed. The e-mail will also include a link to the application – GSST urges you to check that all mandatory data, marked with an asterisk (*), is registered correctly and all attached files are readable. In case of significant errors, you should reply to the confirmation e-mail with the correct details before the application deadline.

GSST reserves the right to verify the authenticity of your educational diploma and transcripts:

  • Request additional information to verify an application.
  • Reject the application if it is proven, or if the University has reasonable belief, that the information provided is false or if the applicant refuses to provide the requested information, whether or not an offer has already been made. 
  • For further information on applying, assessment procedures, etc. please see the GSST application guide here

Please note:

  • The programme committee may request further information or invite the applicant to attend an interview.
  • All interested candidates are encouraged to apply, regardless of their personal back