Intelligent Software, Healing Environments: An AI-based system for health and safety constraint checking in large public buildings


Applications are invited for a PhD fellowship/scholarship at Graduate School of Science and Technology, Aarhus University, Denmark, within the Engineering programme. The position is available from 1 November 2018 or later.


Title:
Intelligent Software, Healing Environments: An AI-based system for health and safety constraint checking in large public buildings


Research area and project description:
Health and safety in the built environment is an urgent, ubiquitous, and costly issue. There is significant potential for information technology (IT) solutions to assist architects and hospital directors in enhancing health and safety: computer-aided architectural design (CAAD) software tools can support decision-making through automatic building floorplan analysis, and software simulations of daily operations.

This PhD project will research and develop exciting new CAAD tools, with real-world impact, for analysing the health and safety of public buildings (risk identification, assessment, mitigation). Today's CAAD tools only focus on the structure of buildings, without considering the people that live and work in them, and thus completely fail in automatically checking essential safety requirements involving people - how they move, what they see and hear, and what activities they undertake, e.g.:

“Doors should not open onto areas where a person may be occupied with some activity, such as washing hands at a sink.” (activities);

“Orienting landmarks and signage must be within a wheel-chair user’s comfortable field of view as they move through the ward” (visibility);

“The oncology ward must be safely and easily accessible to a patient that is visually or mobility impaired.” (movement).

This project will incorporate concepts of people, perception and behaviour into the building model itself within the CAAD tool, at a fundamental level. New artificial intelligence-based decision support software tools will be developed for expressing and rapidly checking health and safety requirements based on how people act and perceive the environment, that can handle the enormous size and scale of real buildings. Specifically, we will implement these augmented building data models in Constraint Logic Programming extended to support spatial reasoning, CLP(QS), and Answer Set Programming extended to support spatial reasoning, ASPMT(QS).


Qualifications and specific competences:
We are interested in a person with a background in Software Engineering, Computer Science, or a related discipline (having completed a Master’s degree). A desire to engage in cross-disciplinary research at the intersection of artificial intelligence and architectural design will be important. It will be relevant, but certainly not required, to have experience with:
(1) knowledge representation and reasoning methods, ontologies, logic programming (Answer Set Programming, Prolog, Constraint Logic Programming)
(2) Building Information Modelling (BIM), computer aided design


Place of Employment and Place of Work:
The place of employment is Aarhus University (Electrical and Engineering section), and the place of work is the Edison (building 5125), Finlandsgade 22, 8200 Aarhus, Denmark.


Contacts:
Applicants seeking further information are invited to contact:

Assistant Professor Carl Schultz, e-mail: cschultz@eng.au.dk

Professor Peter Gorm Larsen, e-mail: pgl@eng.au.dk

Application procedures

Before you apply

Information and attachments:

Please be aware that you must have all relevant appendices, attachments, addresses for referees, etc. ready when you apply, as the entire application must be uploaded to the system in one go.

Documentation of language skills:

The English language requirement at Graduates School of Science and Technology is comparable to an “English B level” in the Danish upper secondary school (“gymnasium”).

English language qualifications comparable to an “English B level” is documented by one of the following tests:

  • TOEFL test, minimum score: 560 (paper-based test) or 83 (internet-based test). The paper-based test must have a “total score”. From August call 2019, GSST no longer accepts the paper-based test.
    Aarhus University does not accept the TOEFL ITP test. Aarhus University’s TOEFL code is 8935. You must request that the test centre send your test results to Aarhus University, in order to enable verification of your test results.
  • IELTS (academic) test, minimum average score: 6.5 points
  • Cambridge English Language Assessment:
    Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency (CPE)
    Cambridge English: Certificate of Advanced English with grade A,B or C (CAE)
    Cambridge English: First Certificate  with grade A (FCE)

When to take the test and how to upload the documentation:
The test result must not be more than two years old at the time of application.

The English language test should be taken before applying for admission and uploaded under “language skills documentation” in the online application form.

It is possible to apply for admission before you have taken the test. In this case documentation stating that you have signed up for a test (please state expected submission date) must be uploaded. If the test result is not part of the original application the test result is to be sent to sphd@psys.au.dk no later than one month after the application deadline.

The following applicants are exempted from documenting their English qualifications/taking a test:

  • Applicants with citizenship from the following countries: Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, United Kingdom, United States, or one of the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway or Sweden).
  • Applicants with a Bachelor’s or Master’s programme completed in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, United Kingdom, or United States. In this case, please upload your Bachelor’s or Master’s diploma under the section ”Language skills documentation”.
  • Applicants with a Bachelor’s or Master’s programme completed at Aarhus University for which the requirement was English B level at the time of admission. In this case, please upload your Bachelor’s or Master’s diploma under the section” Language skills documentation”.
  • Applicants able to document that English was the language of instruction during the whole period of their Bachelor’s and/or Master’s programme. This must be documented by uploading an official document from the institution stating this under “language skills documentation”. The onus is on the applicant to provide this information as GSST will not pursue information regarding language of instruction for any programmes or institutions.

The programme committee may request further information or invite the applicant to attend an interview.

How to apply:

1)      Find the application form:
Go to http://talent.au.dk/phd/scienceandtechnology/opencalls/
Choose August 2018 Call with deadline 1 August 2018 at 11.59 PM MET.
You will be directed to the call, and must choose the programme 'Engineering'

2)      Fill in the following information:

  • Personal information
  • Academic background
  • Admission
  • Financing (if any)
  • Study: In the dropdown menu you must choose the project: "Intelligent Software, Healing Environments: An AI-based system for health and safety constraint checking in large public buildings"
  • Source (how you found out about the call)

Next to some of the information fields you will find a number. Click on the number to get further directions on how to fill in the information field/what information is needed.

3)      Application attachments:
Please be aware that you cannot submit the application if one or several of these documents have not been uploaded.

If you wish to upload more than one document under each section, you must scan/merge all documents into one large PDF file and upload this. Please note that we reserve the right to remove scientific papers, large reports, theses and the like. Instead you can indicate a URL where the information is available.

Please note that all information in the application must be in Danish or English.

As a minimum all applications must include (pdf-files only, max. 20 MB, no zip):

  • One reference (template for references)
  • Curriculum vitae,
  • Motivation (max. 1 page)
  • Transcripts and diploma(s)
  • Project description (½-4 pages). For technical reasons, you must upload a project description. When - as here - you apply for a specific project, please simply copy the project description above, and upload it as a PDF in the application. If you wish to, you can indicate an URL where further information can be found. Please note that we reserve the right to remove scientific papers, large reports, theses and the like.
  • Documentation of language skills if required.

After submission of the application, you will receive a confirmation e-mail with an application ID, you should use for reference if needed. The e-mail will also include a link to the application – GSST urges you to check that all mandatory data, marked with an asterisk (*), is registered correctly and all attached files are readable. In case of significant errors, you should reply to the confirmation e-mail with the correct details before the application deadline.

GSST reserves the right to verify the authenticity of your educational diploma and transcripts:

  • Request additional information to verify an application.
  • Reject the application if it is proven, or if the University has reasonable belief, that the information provided is false or if the applicant refuses to provide the requested information, whether or not an offer has already been made. 
  • For further information on applying, assessment procedures, etc. please see the GSST application guide here.  

Please note:

  • The programme committee may request further information or invite the applicant to attend an interview.

All interested candidates are encouraged to apply, regardless of their personal background.